Canada is one such which attracts millions of migrants every year from all over the world. It is a country filled with opportunities for all individuals looking forward to settle down there. Whether you are coming to study, visit, or work, there are abundant pathways to reach your immigration goals. In some cases, many foreigners decide to become a permanent resident and eventually a Canadian citizen down the road sine Canada is a country that embodies multiculturalism and diversity and inspires newcomers to achieve their full potential by supporting their integration and active participation in social, cultural, economic and political affairs. Many immigrants prefer Canada over other developed countries to get citizenship due to highly streamlined and hassle free process of getting citizenship over there.
“CIT 0002 (10-2020)” is the current version of application form dated October 2020. There are a few reasons why people aspire to permanently living in Canada may want to become a citizen. Some of these benefits include:
- being eligible for more jobs
- to vote and/or run for political office
- to travel with a Canadian passport
- never worry about losing your status
- not needing to renew immigration documentation
Below are the steps in getting Canadian citizenship for Permanent Residents, 18 years of age or older who wish to apply to become Canadian citizens.
Step 1 – Check your eligibility:
- Requirement to become a Canadian citizen;
- Must Be above 18 years
- Need to be on Permanent Resident (PR) status in Canada.
- have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years
- Need to Give evidence that you speak and write in one of Canada’s official languages (i.e. English or French)
- have filed your taxes, if you need to
- Show intent that you plan to live in Canada after you become a citizen
- Must apply for citizenship from inside Canada
Depending on your situation, there may be additional requirements. Once you have submitted complete documents, it usually takes 12 months for IRCC to process your applications and grant you the Canadian citizenship.
Step 2 – Naturalization:
This is another important requirement for citizenship. To meet this requirement, the applicant must have lived in Canada for 1095 days as a permanent resident. This need not be a continuous stay nor in any time period. This can also include your stay as a temporary resident in the country (one day is counted as half a day).
Please note that you cannot meet the physical presence requirement without a minimum of two (2) years as a permanent resident.
When calculating your time in Canada:
- only the five (5) years immediately before the date of your application are taken into account;
- each day you were physically present in Canada as an authorized temporary resident or protected person before you became a permanent resident counts as half a day (up to a maximum of 365 days);
- each day you were physically present in Canada after you became a permanent resident counts as one day;
- time spent serving a sentence for an offence in Canada (e.g. serving a term of imprisonment, probation and/or parole) cannot be counted towards your physical presence – there are some exceptions.
Step 2 – keep your documents ready:
- the original printout of your Online Physical Presence Calculation
- colour photocopy of all pages (valid or expired) of your passport(s) or travel document(s) during your (5) year eligibility period
- photocopies of two (2) pieces of personal identification
Examples of personal identification:
- permanent resident card (PR card)
- driver’s licence
- health insurance card
- senior citizen identification card
- age of majority card
- foreign identity documents, such as a passport or government issued identification documents
- a copy of the biographical page of your passport/travel document
- If you are 18 to 54 years old, Photocopies of your proof of English or French language ability
- Two (2) identical citizenship photos
- The application fee receipt of $630.00 per adult paid online
- The Document Checklist [CIT 0007] (PDF, 1.1 MB)
Step 4 – Complete the application form:
After gathering all the required document, you need to You must answer all the questions on this form unless instructed otherwise. Download and fill out the form on a computer.
|Question 1||From the list, select the language (English or French)|
|Question 2||Tell us if you have any special needs that require accommodation like; wheel chair, hearing impaired, sight impaired et.|
|Question 3||Unique Client Identifier (UCI) as shown on your Record of Landing (IMM 1000), Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), or Last Permanent Residence Card (PR Card)|
|Question 3||Your full name as shown on your Record of Landing (IMM 1000)|
|Question 5||Need to give information of all the names you have ever used in order to verify your identity|
|Question 6||Your marital status|
|Question 7||Residential address in Canada|
|Question 8||Mention any representative appointed to complete the citizenship process|
|Question 9||Physical Presence and the five (5) year eligibility period|
|Question 10||Address History of last 5 years in Canada|
Step 5 – Pay the fees:
You must pay your fees online to apply for Canadian citizenship
- The fee is $630 for each applicant 18 years of age
- The fee is $100 for each applicant 18 years of age
Step 6 – Submit your application:
Once your application is ready along with document required, you need to send the application to the below address
IRCC Case Processing Centre
CAF – Citizenship
49 Dorchester Street
Sydney, Nova Scotia
Once the IRCC receives your application, you will receive an acknowledgement of receipt (by mail or email) and further correspondence asking for more information will be followed.
If you are sending more than one application (for example, applications for family members), you may send one receipt to cover all applications. Mail the receipt (if applicable) and all applications together in one envelope so that they will be processed together.
Step 7 – Prepare for your test and attend interview:
If you are between 18 – 54 years of age on the day you sign your application, you may get an invitation to write your test within weeks after we accept your application. If you have not already started, begin studying for your Canadian citizenship knowledge test. There are 20 questions on the test. You need 15 correct answers to pass. You will have three (3) opportunities to pass the test.
You will be called to local citizenship office for and interview to check the authenticity of documents submitted.
If applicable, you will be tested on your knowledge of:
- English or French
- Canada’s history, geography, government, and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship (the citizenship test).
Step 8– Wait for your turn and take oath:
If you meet all of the requirements for citizenship, you will be called for an oath ceremony or if you do not receive a decision from the official in writing. Once the oath is taken, you will receive your Certificate of Canadian Citizenship.
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