Components and scoring for IELTS. Tips to clear IELTS

02Aug

Components and scoring for IELTS. Tips to clear IELTS:

IELTS stands for International English Language Testing System. In a nutshell, it is a testing system that grades your English language skills based on key aspects of a language.

IELTS is required if you are planning to study or work in one of the English-speaking countries of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. IELTS, however, is accepted by quite a few American universities too.

It is must to get through IELTS test to allow you to apply for admission at universities, other educational institutions, professional organizations and enterprises. Around 10,000 organizations located in over 140 countries considers IELTS test scoring for study, immigration and work purposes.

  • Which IELTS test to take in 2021?
  • IELTS for UK: Candidates must appear for ‘IELTS for UKVI’.
  • IELTS for Canada: Preferably the IELTS General but this depends upon the specifications by the organization applying to.
  • Other Countries: IELTS Academic/ General as specified by the authorities
  • Who conducts IELTS:
  1. British Council
  2. IDP: IELTS Australia
  3. University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations (Cambridge ESOL)

Eligibility Criteria to take IELTS test:

There are no specific eligibility criteria for IELTS 2021. The test is open to any individual who wants to pursue higher studies abroad or is seeking an employment opportunity in any one of the English speaking countries that require language proficiency. IELTS 2020 scores are accepted by many universities or institutions across the world. Candidates are advised to first check the IELTS eligibility criteria specified by the institution or organisation applying to before deciding which test to appear for.

IELTS Registration process:

Candidates can apply for the IELTS 2021 registration all around the year. Depending on the test centre, it is held for a maximum of four times per month. The IELTS 2021 test can be re-taken for an unlimited number of times after registering and paying separately for each test. One can book his/her IELTS test online in most countries.

Steps to register for IELTS:

  1. Check the available IELTS 2021 exam dates
  2. Choose a test location from one of 500 IELTS test centres around the world
  3. Register for the test and pay the fee after entering details.

Types of IELTS Test:

Test Details

Purpose

IELTS Academic

for individuals who wish to study at either undergraduate or postgraduate level, or want to work in a professional organisation in an English speaking country

IELTS General Training

Study at below degree level, work or undertake work-related training, and for emigration purpose.

IELTS test pattern:

IELTS Test Component

Duration

Brief Description

Listening

30 minutes

4 sections, 40 items

Reading

60 minutes

3 sections, 40 items

Writing

60 minutes

2 tasks

Speaking

11-14 minutes

3-part one-on-one conversation

IELTS test component:

  • Listening Test:

    You will listen to four recordings of native English speakers and then write your answers to a series of questions.

  • Recording 1 – a conversation between two people set in an everyday social context.
  • Recording 2 – a monologue set in an everyday social context, e.g. a speech about local facilities.
  • Recording 3 – a conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context, e.g. a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment.
  • Recording 4 – a monologue on an academic subject, e.g. a university lecture.

Paper format

Part 1

conversation between two speakers

Part 2

There is a monologue

Part 3

There is a conversation between two main speakers 

Part 4

There is a monologue on academic subject

No of questions

 

40

Marks

 

Each question carries 1 mark

Task types under listening test

Type 1

Multiple choice

Type 2

Matching

Type 3

Plan/map/diagram labeling

Type 4

Form/note/table/flow-chart/summary completion

Type 5

sentence completion

 

Band score conversion

A Band Score conversion table is produced for each version of the Listening test which translates scores out of 40 into the IELTS 9-band scale. Scores are reported in whole bands and half bands.

Get 30 out of 40 answers correct for IELTS 7.0

Get 32 out of 40 answers correct for IELTS 7.5

  • Reading Test

The second step in IELTS is Reading Test. The IELTS Reading test is designed to assess a wide range of reading skills, including how well you

  • read for the general sense of a passage
  • read for the main ideas
  • read for detail
  • understand inferences and implied meaning
  • recognize a writer’s opinions, attitudes and purpose
  • follow the development of an argument

 

Academic Reading Test:

The IELTS Academic reading test includes three long texts which range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical. The texts are authentic and are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers. These have been selected for a non-specialist audience but are recognizably appropriate for anyone entering undergraduate or postgraduate courses or seeking professional registration.

Format

Three long texts which range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical. These are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers.  They have been selected for a non-specialist audience but are appropriate for people entering university courses or seeking professional registration.

Timing 

60 minutes including the transfer time

Number of Questions

40 questions

Task Types

Fill gaps in a passage of written text or in a table, match headings to written text to diagrams or charts, complete sentences, give short answers to open questions, answer multiple choice questions

Marks

Each correct answer receives one mark. Scores out of 40 are converted to the IELTS 9-band scale. Scores are reported in whole and half bands.

General Training Reading Test:

The IELTS General Training reading test includes three passages with tasks. It requires you to read extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines. These are materials you are likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English speaking environment.

Format

Extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines. These are materials you are likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English-speaking environment.

Timing 

60 minutes including the transfer time

Number of Questions

40 questions

Task Types

Fill gaps in a passage of written text or in a table, match headings to written text to diagrams or charts, complete sentences, give short answers to open questions, answer multiple choice questions

Marks

Each correct answer receives one mark. Scores out of 40 are converted to the IELTS 9-band scale. Scores are reported in whole and half bands.

  • Writing test:

IELTS Academic Writing Test:

Format

Task 1 you will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram. You will be asked to describe, summarise or explain the information in your own words. This might involve describing and explaining data, describing the stages of a process or how something works, or describing an object or event.                                                                                        Task 2 you will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. You should find the issues interesting and easy to understand.

Timing 

The IELTS Writing test takes 60 minutes. Spend 20 minutes on Task 1, and 40 minutes on Task 2. You will need to manage your own time, so make sure you move on to Task 2 after 20 minutes.

Number of Questions

2 questions

Task Types

Two tasks: Task 1 and Task 2. You will be asked to write at least 150 words for Task 1 and at least 250 words for Task 2

Marks

Your Writing test will be marked by a certificated IELTS examiner. Task 2 is worth twice as much as Task 1 in the IELTS Writing test. Scores are reported in whole and half bands

General Training Writing

Format

The topics used in the IELTS General Training Writing test are of general interest. In Task 1 you will be presented with a situation and asked to write a letter requesting information or explaining the situation. You can write the letter in a personal, semi-formal or formal style. In Task 2 you will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. You can use a fairly personal style.

Timing 

The IELTS Writing test takes 60 minutes. Spend 20 minutes on Task 1, and 40 minutes on Task 2. You will need to manage your own time, so make sure you move on to Task 2 after 20 minutes.

Number of Questions

2 questions

Task Types

Two tasks: Task 1 and Task 2. You will be asked to write at least 150 words for Task 1 and at least 250 words for Task 2

Marks

Your Writing test will be marked by a certificated IELTS examiner. Task 2 is worth twice as much as Task 1 in the IELTS Writing test. Scores are reported in whole and half bands

 

  • Speaking Test:

The Speaking test consists of three parts:

Task 1: You will be asked to answer general questions about yourself and a range of familiar topics, such as your home, family, work, studies and interests. This part lasts between 4 and 5 minutes.

Task 2: You will be given a card and you will be asked to talk about a particular topic. You will have one minute to prepare before speaking for up to two minutes. The examiner then asks you one or two questions on the same topic to finish this part of the test.

Task 3: You will be asked further questions connected to the topic in Part 2. These questions give you an opportunity to discuss more abstract issues and ideas. This part lasts between four and five minutes.

Tips to clear IELTS test

Tip 1: Don’t memorize answers:

Memorizing answers especially Part 1 doesn’t give the examiner an accurate measure of your English-language skills. The examiner will be able to tell if you have memorized your answers and this may influence your final band score.

Tip 2: Don’t use big and unfamiliar words:

Usage of big and complex words in your Speaking test should be avoided. There is a higher chance of making mistakes by either mispronouncing words or using them in the wrong context. Mistakes can affect your final band score.

Tip 3: Don’t worry about your accent

The IELTS examiner understands a wide range of accents so will be able to understand what you say, unlike an AI machine. If you can communicate well, then there is nothing to worry about. But do be aware of sounds that you have difficulty with and make sure to use stress and intonation as English is a stress-timed language.

Tip 4: Practice common IELTS topics:

IELTS Speaking test requires you to speak on a given topic for about 2 minutes. Practice common IELTS topics with friends, family or colleagues to improve and to learn vocabulary associated with each topic.

Common topics you can practice for the Speaking test include:

  • Tourism and travel
  • Education
  • Transport
  • Environment
  • Family life
  • Sport and recreation
  • Crime and punishment

Tip 5: Exercise fluency and pronunciation:

While attending speaking skills, fluency and accurate pronunciation is evaluated. It is required to practice talking for a considerable time in English with known people before appearing for the test. And, for pronunciation, listen to English news channels and Record and listen to yourself speaking as much as you can.

Tip 6: Enhance your writing skills:

Of course, effective writing requires a good command of the language in which you write or want to write. However, apart from that you need to practice writing skills on a regular basis to improve the speed with accuracy

Tip 7: Develop a strategy

With ample knowledge of each test and its parts, you can develop time-saving methods and techniques to answer each question more efficiently. In the listening test, for example, underlining keywords can help you focus on important concepts. To save time during the reading test, you may want to go straight to the questions first. There are methods that might work for you but not for others; what’s important is to know the strategy that suits you.

Tip 8: Be attentive and read questions twice:

It is a common practice, that an answer can be hidden in the question itself. Read instructions carefully and always look at the example. Do not disregard the sample questions and answers.

Tip 9: Do not be nervous:

Keep cool and calm. Get yourself water and chocolate (outside of classroom). Try to maintain normal fluency. If you score well – great. If you don’t – great. Time to rehearse and learn, it is not the end of the world and IELTS has no retake limit.

 

Tip 10: Be yourself:

The more relaxed and yourself you are the more appealing and comfortable the conversation with the IELTS instructor will be.

IELTS being the important criteria to be met by almost all the migrants, it is essential to consider the test seriously and be prepared well by practicing regularly before exams and also additionally, it is always virtuous to seeking assistance of an Immigration Consultant who can guide you better than anyone else in this regard.

Novaturient is a Licensed Immigration consultant that offer Visa services in acquiring Permanent Resident Visa, Student Visa and Visit Visa for countries such as Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Schengen Countries and the UK.

Call us : 9731473738
Email : info@novaturientvisas.com

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